The curious reader is urged to read far and wide in the classic texts to see that the Internet democracy essay of governments and citizens reacting in this way is not a new one.
These essays and reports from the cyberfronts show that freedom from censorship is the exception in the world. They are mostly, though not always, sexual in nature. This is probably the most pervasive type of censorship around the world, even though the behavior it seeks to limit is, almost by definition, private and personal in the most fundamental way.
One must recognize that censorship and the ideology supporting it go back to ancient times, and that every society has had customs, taboos, or laws by which speech, dress, religious observance, and sexual expression were regulated. In some locales, it is a bare male torso that crosses the line, while in others, any depiction of pubic hair, whereas still others permit any activity between consenting adults.
Is the economy in a locale more prone to monopolistic arrangements than to genuine competition and innovation? The Biblical injunction, "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain" is clearly an early attempt to set limits on what would be acceptable theological discourse.
If citizens feel their activities online will be screened by governmental agencies in their country, their inclination to engage in expression will be much less than if their government stays away -- the classic "chilling effect. National security and defense runs a very close second to the religious impulse as a rationale for suppression.
In the 20th Century, censorship was achieved through the examination of books, plays, films, television and radio programs, news reports, and other forms of communication for the purpose of altering or suppressing ideas found to be objectionable or offensive.
It is difficult to think of any government that would forego the power, in perceived extreme circumstances, to censor all media, not simply those that appear online. Supreme Court Justice once said of obscene material. The one redeeming fact is that, in most parts of the world, the ideal of liberty is embraced at least theoretically, and no state openly claims a commitment to religious, intellectual, artistic, or political censorship.
Yet even in the United States, there is no uniform age of consent. That last formulation might seem, at first glance to be the most reasonable, but it excludes the biggest current issue in terms of pornographic material: The organized church soon joined the state as an active censor.
Is the information tainted because someone has paid for it to be "found," or should the standard be that so long as all responsive information is displayed to the user, placement is irrelevant? In the past, nations were able to legislatively proscribe certain types of behavior.
The poets Ovid and Juvenal were both banished, and authors of seditious writings were punished severely. In a situation where there is economic censorship, is it isolated or undertaken in conjunction with some type of political censorship?
What is new are the potential global consequences. Indeed, Plato was the first recorded thinker to formulate a rationale for intellectual, religious, and artistic censorship. But numbers may tell only part of the story. Censorship is no more acceptable for being practiced in the name of religion than for national security which is certainly an acceptable secular substitute for religious rationales in the 20th Century.
Despite the presence of a widespread and deadly worldwide epidemic AIDSthere are parents who object to the teaching of safe sex models in public schools. The legal precedents, which usually provide clear guidelines in such matters, are mixed here.
The question is not whether there are legitimate parental claims, but rather at what point is there a public interest that overrides them?
The questions in Germany and elsewhere in the European Union EU form a particularly hard Internet democracy essay because of the historical background and because the situation in the EU is fast-moving.
The rule historically has been, and continues to be, repression and suppression of disfavored ideas. The law is enforced to the point where even historical battle simulations may not use the actual emblems that were used during World War II by the Waffen SS, for instance.
Across the world today, appeals to divinity are common reasons for banning the dissemination of a broad range of materials. It only indicates that confronting censorship must always involve confronting some part of ourselves and our common history that is both painful and deep-seated.
Parental claims certainly have a place in the dialogue, but they can cut across meaningful lines of discourse as well. Likewise, "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image" is an attempt to set limits on how the Divine may or may not be represented. The rationales for censorship have varied, with some censors targeting material deemed to be indecent or obscene; heretical or blasphemous; or seditious or treasonous.
These documents form the basis of the hope that the Internet might yet succeed in realizing its promise of providing a free and unencumbered flow of information throughout the world.The Internet Democracy Project submitted comments to TRAI, asking the regulator to centre users’ rights over their data as part of the fundamental right to privacy, while balancing these rights with innovation in uses of data and also innovation in regulation.
Essay on Democracy and the Internet - As the times change, so does the latest technology. In the mid's it was the television, before that the radio, and now in. Internet usage has been one of the literacy measurement tool and advocacy of issues to a population.
Profoundly, the impact internet has had on society and economies can be transformed to democracy. Therefore, this paper analyses the influence of the internet on democracy.
Mar 02, · Democracy, Disrupted. By Thomas B. Edsall.
March 2, it’s clear that the internet and social media have succeeded in doing what many feared and some hoped they would. would keep the. Note: In case of IGNOU, the material is subdivided into courses, just double click on zip files and they’ll start downloading.
The index of each course is given below. Censorship -- the control of the information and ideas circulated within a society -- has been a hallmark of dictatorships throughout history.Download