Such behaviors, if committed by adults, are not illegal. This paper will deal with the history of the juvenile system, the need for the juvenile system, juvenile court functions, parents in court and programs that have worked, along with ones that haven"t.
National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Depending on the jurisdiction, the juvenile justice system has devised formal labels for adolescents that are in need. Until then, minors above seven years of age were brought to trial in a regular criminal court, although many countries have already operated designated prisons for juvenile offenders.
In 22 states, laws have increased the role of victims of juvenile crimes by allowing them more voice in the juvenile justice process. More punitive measures such as waivers are justified based on the serious violence and chronic delinquencies of the most serious offenders; however, some of these provisions carry unintended consequences.
In both eras, adult society held ambivalent views about children. Many efforts have been made to develop programs of delinquency prevention. Most of these have focused on family relationships or on neighborhood or community conditions.
Do you remember doing something mischievous or wrong when you were a kid and getting the label "delinquent" slapped on you? There is little evidence, however, that any of these programs is truly effective. For instance, in the act specified the jail and lockup removal requirement, which meant that juveniles could not be detained or confined in adult jails or lockups.
But an action for which a youth may be declared a delinquent in one community may not be against the law in another community. More recent studies have revealed that many delinquents had parents with whom they did not get along or who were inconsistent in their patterns of discipline and punishment.
Adult facilities had a 6-hour grace period to ascertain the age of the offender or transport the youth to a juvenile facility. Handbook of juvenile delinquency.
Nonetheless, despite the positive results of the punitive policies during the last decade, other findings may imply that this line may worsen the situation in the long run. Works Cited Little, Michael Historical Background The ways that juvenile delinquency has been defined, perceived, and responded to have changed over time and generally reflect the social conditions of the particular era.
Such areas have many broken homes and a high rate of alcoholism. Studies indicate that the causes of delinquency also extend to a whole society. Juveniles also accounted for about one-third of all arrests for larceny.
A series of studies have shown that delinquency rates are above average in the poorest sections of cities. With the parents at the court hearing, the court can find out if the parent is providing a good home for the juvenile delinquent.
This population growth also resulted in a great deal of poverty in the cities. In neighborhoods with high levels of delinquency, the antisocial behavior is seen as part of a larger set of social problems. In the same way, children and adolescents that skip school first weigh the likelihood of getting caught against the potential fun they will have.
Over time, the puritanical approach to defining, correcting, and punishing juvenile delinquency came under attack. Some of the programs that are currently being used are Probation, "Scared Straight", Community Treatment, and Institutionalization.
The results of these investigations have shown that it is doubtful that any child becomes a delinquent for any single reason. They also have poor schools, high unemployment, few recreational facilities, and high crime rates.Other situations a juvenile may be trialed in an adult are when “state laws mandate such processing for certain offenses with a set age and rage [statutory exclusion] ; prosecutors decide on a criminal proceeding with limitations based on offense and age [prosecutorial discretion] and the juvenile court judge decides to waive the case within.
C. Abolishing Juvenile Court D. Creating a New Juvenile Court E. A Restorative Justice Juvenile Court. F. Teen Courts G. Drug Courts IX. Conclusion and Bibliography. I.
Introduction. Juvenile justice is barely over years old. Juvenile Justice System Research Paper Posted on July 3, by admin Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society.
The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that "sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having to do wit, research paper.
Juvenile Justice Research Paper Running head: JUVENILE Essay about Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Justice System Carlos M. Lino Rios University of Phoenix CJA/ - INTRODUCTION TO The focus of the juvenile court not on.
Research Paper on Juvenile Delinquency. Juvenile delinquency refers to antisocial and criminal behavior committed by persons under the age ofDownload