Because the writer only has one cat, its name just adds extra information. Obviously, the would not say "my other brother" except in a context where he has just referred to the first brother. The relative clause narrows the field of candidates down to one. But this relative clause could be treated as restrictive, giving the sentence a slightly different meaning: In this example, the restrictive clause "in the lineup" tells us that of all possible suspects in the world, the one who committed the crime is in the lineup.
However, while the Restrictive and non restrictive clause "who owns a red car" tells us something about the suspect, it does not foreclose the possibility that there are several different suspects in the lineup with red cars.
A nonrestrictive parenthetical element is set off by commas, as in these examples. When I do yoga, I wear my Restrictive and non restrictive shirt, which is really old.
They are not set off from the rest of the sentence by commas or other punctuation. To do yoga, I need a shirt that is loose and comfortable.
Because the phrase changes the meaning of the word "shirt," the phrase is restrictive. In this case, the relative clause "that was being performed at the rebuilt Globe Theater in London" is restrictive because it is being used to specify which Shakespearean play she attended.
Therefore, it is nonrestrictive. The suspect in the lineup, who owns a red car, committed the crime. For the same reason, nonrestrictive clauses can be set off from the rest of the sentence by commas or other punctuation.
It can be removed without changing the meaning of the sentence. The car color may tell us something useful, but it does not restrict us to only one possibility. If there were more than one suspect in the lineup with red hair, the above usage would be incorrect because it implies a different meaning.
When writing a restrictive clause, do not place a comma before "that. If the name were removed, the reader would still know what cat was being discussed. But it does specify exactly which one I am referring to, as there can be only one "youngest sister," so the information about the three children is extra information, not needed to specify which one of however many sisters I am referring to.
These clauses usually begin with that or who. As a result, we know that the other suspects, who are not in the lineup, could not have committed the crime.
Restrictive clauses limit the possible meaning of a preceding subject. Compare the following examples.A modifying clause can be either restrictive or nonrestrictive.
Restrictive Clause A restrictive modifying clause (or essential clause) is an adjective clause that is essential to the meaning of a sentence because it limits the thing it refers to. A restrictive clause restricts or defines the meaning of a noun or noun phrase and provides necessary information about the noun in the sentence.
It is not separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. Restrictive clauses limit the possible meaning of a preceding subject. Nonrestrictive clauses tell you something about a preceding subject, but they do not limit, or restrict, the meaning of that subject.
A restrictive clause modifies the noun that precedes it in an essential way. Restrictive clauses limit or identify such nouns and cannot be removed from.
Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Elements RESTRICTIVE ELEMENTS.
Restrictive elements are word groups that are necessary to retain meaning. They are not set off from the rest of the sentence by commas or other punctuation. In this exercise, you'll learn how to distinguish between the two main types of dependent adjective clauses: restrictive and nonrestrictive.Download