The rule applies at all levels within the hierarchy: Applying this rule of thumb, one can apply "common sense" when creating the duration of a single activity or group of activities necessary to produce a deliverable defined by the WBS.
That is, the project could involve designing and building desktop computers or creating an animated computer game.
This way, one team could work on the chassis configuration while another team secured the components.
Coding scheme[ edit ] It is common for work breakdown structure elements to be numbered sequentially to reveal the hierarchical structure. This means that most of the time, only the big companies or global corporations with enough funds to be used in this purpose apply this technique for the execution of huge projects.
Generally, the WBS-building process finds all these people in a room with plenty of white boards and markers, or pads of paper and sticky notes.
The last heuristic is the "if it makes sense" rule. On the most basic level, you decompose the project scope in order to create the work breakdown structure.
A work package at the activity level is a task that: Plan outcomes, not actions[ edit ] If the work breakdown structure designer attempts to capture any action-oriented details in the WBS, the designer will likely include either too many actions or too few actions.
The WBS provides the foundation for project planning, cost estimation, scheduling and resource allocation, not to mention risk management. Thus if the project team is reporting progress monthly, then no single activity or series of activities should be longer than one month long.
What is a Work Breakdown Structure?
It usually takes more effort to develop a deliverable-oriented WBS because they include multiple levels of detail. This also explains that the implication of this technique is only in projects by the top level management and the project supervisors.
To make the work go faster, you could assign teams to the different aspects of computer building, as shown in the diagram E-1 shown below.
This is kind of an expensive system to work on and it requires weeks of hard work to be done on the process in order to define and explain the steps and tasks involved in the project.
Level of detail[ edit ] One must decide when to stop dividing work into smaller elements. Creating a quality WBS can take a substantial amount of time, but is usually worth the effort because of the additional clarity it provides for the project manager.
This takes time in the beginning, but ultimately it affords the project manager better control of costs and deadlines, thus saving time. Remember that our brains can simultaneously comprehend only 7 to 9 items at a time.
Determine whether you want to build a WBS that is process oriented or product oriented. This also ensures that the WBS is not overly prescriptive of methods, allowing for greater ingenuity and creative thinking on the part of the project participants.According to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), a work breakdown structure (WBS) is “a hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables." In the tree structure of a.
WBS Basics. A work breakdown structure (WBS) is a project management tool designed to capture project tasks in a visual, organized manner. The WBS was originally developed by the US Department of Defense, which mandated their use across the DoD.
Today, work breakdown structures are widely used for projects of all types, both business and. WBS or Work Breakdown Structure is a business or corporation technique used in companies and organizations to execute projects.
This is a commonly used technique for planning and organizing the tasks and steps included in a project.
Project managers use this technique in order to foresee the results and effects of a project after a Read. The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is essential for getting a project off the ground. Creating a WBS, however, can be a daunting task. This beginner-friendly guide will help you understand the work breakdown structure and create one on your own.
The work breakdown structure has a number of benefits in addition to defining and organizing the project work. A project budget can be allocated to the top levels of the work breakdown structure, and department budgets can be quickly calculated based on the each project's work breakdown structure.
Company owners and project managers use the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) to make complex projects more manageable. The WBS is designed to help break down a project into manageable chunks that can be effectively estimated and supervised.Download